Thoughts Gallery April 2002
April 1
Image of the Day
My easter weekend was extended to get work off today also.  I spent the day doing odds and ends around the house.  I finished planting the front flower bed with bulbs, so hopefully I'll have more than just dirt in a few weeks to admire in my front yard.  Still caulking away holes to keep the roaches at bay, so sightings are starting to be less and less. 
Policeman Bites Hand That Refused to Feed Him 
CALCUTTA, India - Two policemen were suspended in the eastern Indian city of Calcutta after one of them allegedly bit the hand of a truck driver who refused to pay a bribe, a police official said.  The incident occurred on Sunday after two police officers pulled over the truck driver for a routine check, Deputy Commissioner of Calcutta Police Harman Prit Singh said. 
      "It seems the police vehicle driver was desperate to extract money from the truck driver. The policeman went berserk when the truck driver didn't cooperate and they got into scuffle. That's when the truck driver's hand was bitten," he said.  Police officers, who often are poorly paid, commonly ask for bribes to tear up traffic tickets or drivers offer bribes. The truck driver complained to senior police officials that he had been bitten.  Police could not say whether the bite was serious. Singh said the other officer was suspended because he did not do enough to restrain his "huge" junior colleague. "We're investigating the whole incident." 
April 2
Image of the Day
'Bubble Boy' Cured in British Gene Therapy First 
LONDON - British doctors have successfully used gene therapy for the first time to cure a Welsh toddler born without an immune system, the Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children said.  The London hospital said 18-month-old Rhys Evans had been cured of the fatal genetic condition X-linked Severe Combined Immunodeficiency Disease (X-SCID), commonly known as "baby in the bubble" syndrome.  "This is the first time gene therapy has cured a child in Britain," the hospital said in a statement.  The disease meant Rhys was born without an immune system and was highly susceptible to potentially fatal infections.  He was forced to live in a totally sterile environment, isolated from other children, and spent much of his life in hospital.  Doctors removed some of Rhys' bone marrow and genetically modified it to add a correct copy of the faulty gene which caused X-SCID. The marrow was then re-injected into his system. Dr. Adrian Thrasher, who led the team which carried out the procedure, said the success of Rhys' treatment was very exciting.  "Gene therapy is about turning understanding into real cures for real children," he said. Rhys' mother Marie said the treatment had made a huge difference for her son.  "We see him now playing with other children and it is just amazing," she told the BBC. The Evans case, which followed the opening of a gene therapy laboratory at the hospital last September, is one of the few clinically successful examples of gene therapy in the world. French researchers claimed the first success for gene therapy in 2000 when they treated two infant boys with X-SCID. 
April 3
Image of the Day
My boss is officially getting a divorce and so things have been sporadic around the office recently.  The construction noise from across the street has picked up again and is back to a constant drone.  I'm working like mad trying to figure out my taxes this year, all these new forms and schedules to figure out.  The tax count-down has started.
Personnel approach the cabin of China's third unmanned spaceship "Shenzhou III" which landed i
n the central Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. The spaceship returned to Earth and was pronounced "technically suitable for astronauts," the government said - the latest step to become the third nation to put people in space.
April 4
Image of the Day
My work offices were broken into last night, as I found myself at work at 9 pm to view the situation.  Someone broke our front window to the office and was inside for about an hour.  Although no computer equipment or checks were missing.  CeeCee also turned up missing when I got home from work.  I found her today at the town lake animal shelter shivering in her pen.  It actually took some effort to convince them that it was my dog.  They were giving me crap how they had to follow procedure to ensure it was my dog.  I think we need some other form of english teaching here in Texas.  When I can no longer order my food in english at a restaurant something is wrong with the system.  I'm not talking just about fast food places either.  I have discovered too many places where the waitress cannot comprehend enough english to take my order, and the manager has to come over to take the order.  My favorite toy store Home Depot has even succumbed this fate.  Upon trying to purchase my items with the Home Depot commercial credit card the cashier had to call the authorization department.  She could not read or pronounce the word identification, and mistook that word as the name of the business account.  While waiting on hold, she proceeded to complain how she didn't understand why her 3-year old couldn't stay at home alone for her 10 hour shift.  "Just give him some books to read and he's fine," she said.
Garbage Trucks to Teach English 
TAIPEI - Garbage trucks in the south Taiwan city of Tainan will soon broadcast English lessons from loudspeakers to educate citizens as they haul away the rubbish.  "Even grandmothers and grandfathers will be able to speak the most basic conversational English after listening for a few dozen times," the United Daily News newspaper quoted Tainan mayor Hsu Tain-tsair as saying.  "This is Tainan's first step toward internationalization," Hsu said.  Hsu said his wife came up with the idea for the educational garbage trucks. The English-teaching garbage trucks are scheduled to hit the streets on September 1. Currently, Taiwan's garbage trucks call people out to the curb with their rubbish with a classical music refrain.

April 5
Image of the Day
This sounds like an interesting idea, we should post dead or alive wanted money for our terrorist lists, and enemies of the state.  Payable to anyone willing to risk their lives to kill people deemed unwanted by Big Brother. I would like to start a collection for the creator of Barney, Beanie Babies, and purple ketchup.  $1 reward payment for anyone submitting a photo documenting the embarrassment or taunting of these individuals....
Iraq Boosts Suicide Bomber Payment 
Saddam Hussein has increased money for the relatives of suicide bombers from $10,000 to $25,000, drawing sharp criticism from Washington. But Palestinians say the bombers are driven by a priceless thirst for revenge, religious zeal and dreams of glory not greed.  Since Iraq upped its payments last month, 12 suicide bombers have successfully struck inside Israel, including one man who killed 25 Israelis, many of them elderly, as they sat down to a meal at a hotel to celebrate the Jewish holiday of Passover. The families of three suicide bombers said they have recently received payments of $25,000. The devout Muslims among the bombers, a majority, believe they will go to heaven as martyrs and spend eternity in the company of 72 virgins. In grainy farewell home videos, they often read passages from the Muslim holy book, the Quran, and praise God. Secular attackers know that after the deed, their families will win the adulation of friends, neighbors and strangers. Saddam has said the Palestinians need weapons and money instead of peace proposals and has provided payments throughout a year and a half of Israeli-Palestinian battles. "I saw on Iraqi TV President Saddam saying he will continue supporting the (uprising) even if it means selling his own clothes," said Safi.
      Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld said Saddam's payments inspire a "culture of political murder." "Here is an individual who is the head of a country, Iraq, who has proudly, publicly made a decision to go out and actively promote and finance human sacrifice for families that will have their youngsters kill innocent men, women and children," Rumsfeld said Wednesday.
But Saddam is not the only one giving money. Charities from Saudi Arabia and Qatar both U.S. allies pay money to families of Palestinians killed in the fighting, including suicide bombers. The mother of Jamal Nasser, a 23-year-old architecture student who died trying to ram an explosives-laden car into a bus carrying Jewish settlers, said she received a check for $10,000 from Iraq and another for $5,000 from Saudi Arabia. She said she plans to put the money toward buying an apartment. She wants to move her family from the small place they've been renting for more than 20 years. The money she received is about half the cost of a small apartment in Nablus.  Fifty-five Palestinians have blown themselves up in attacks on Israeli civilians in the past 18 months of fighting. Under the new Iraqi payscale, decided on March 12 during an Arab conference in Baghdad, the families of gunmen and others who die fighting the Israelis will still receive $10,000, while the relatives of suicide bombers will get $25,000.  Safi and two others from the Arab Liberation Front visit families in the northern West Bank and make the payments. "We go to every family and give them a check," he said. "We tell them that this is a gift from President Saddam and Iraq."

Church of the Nativity
April 6
Image of the Day
Looks like the KU Klux Klan has some new associates in Syria.  They are full of the same racial hatred, only they kill innocent civilians to justify themselves.  It's rained most of today, scuttling my plans to mow my lawn for the first time this spring. 
Palestinians wearing hoods and mock bombs at their waists to represent suicide bombers march through Damascus, Syria. Hamas founder and leader Sheikh Ahmed Yassin appears in a poster at right. Hundreds of thousands of Syrians thronged Damascus' main thoroughfares, chanting slogans against Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon and calling on Arab leaders to support the Palestinian uprising.
April 7
Image of the Day
It's good to see they are brainwashing the young women along with the young men.  You would hate to see the men all get killed in death by suicide, and the palestinian woman have to marry Israeli husbands.  The rains continued throughout the day, pushing off my lawn care a little longer.  I spent a few hours running more ethernet cables
The daughter of a Palestinian gunman who was killed
recently during an attack on a Jewish settlement in the Gaza Strip is arranged during a rally of the militant group Islamic Jihad, in Gaza City. Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon pursued his drive to crack the will of Palestinians, led by Yasser Arafat, after sending tanks into another West Bank town in response to a wave of suicide bombings.
April 8
Image of the Day
Here's an interesting egyptian glif I came across.  It's supposed to show what Joseph Smith's sketch of the egyptian alphabet and grammer from the Book of Abraham scroll.  Conference was this last weekend and I didn't get to absorb much of it, was busy working and cleaning around my house.  I'll have to read up some of the talks online and through the audio broadcasting. A possum attacked my front door last night.  It seems all the thundering and lightning must have scared it, because it clawed an 18" hole in my solid wood door.  Now I just have to figure out the best way to fix it.
Mother Convicted for Teargas Consumer Test
STRASBOURG, France - A French court convicted a mother of two of premeditated armed violence after she tried out her new teargas canister on an innocent shopper to see if it worked, police said.  Disguised in dark glasses and a hat, the unnamed 35-year-old sprayed a woman shopper who had just returned to her car in a supermarket car park.  Unimpressed by the defendant's plea that she had merely wanted to try out the device, the court in the northeast town of Saverne gave her a four-month suspended sentence. Police said that, during questioning, the woman said she was disappointed with her purchase because the person she sprayed had been able to thrash about and scare her by shouting. 
April 9
Image of the Day
A relative Sandra LeRoy died yesterday on monday at 4:34 pm in Louisiana. I received this news over email from her oldest son Jorge.  My family used to visit them often when we returned for the summer in my youth.

Britain's Queen Mother funeral was held with politicians and royal dignitaries from around the world gathered in London to pay their last respect. The Queen Mother who died March 30, was 101 years old. She will be interred at St George's Chapel in Windsor next to her late husband, King George. 


April 10
Image of the Day
I hope that my church is organized well enough that this doesn't happen, although it seems there is some of the same clergy protection idealism.
Boston Church Hid Abuse by Second Priest 
BOSTON - The Archdiocese of Boston, already under fire for covering up sexual abuse of children by a Boston-area priest in the 1980s and 1990s, took steps to shield a second cleric facing similar allegations, according to internal church documents made public. While the Archdiocese was under the leadership of the late Humberto Medeiros and the current Cardinal, Bernard Law, the Rev. Paul Shanley admitted to superiors that he raped and sodomized children, according to the documents, released under a court order as part of a lawsuit against Shanley.  They showed he advocated sex between children and adults and that he was an early adherent of a group that later became the North American Man-Boy Love Association. 
      They also revealed that after more than two decades of covering up
Shanley's abuses and giving him new jobs with ministerial duties, the archdiocese gave him a glowing recommendation and supported his transfer to the diocese of San Bernardino, California. "This man was a monster in the Archdiocese of Boston for many, many years," said Roderick MacLeish, who is representing Shanley's accusers. 
      They revealed a pattern of actions by church officials strikingly similar to the way they dealt with former priest and convicted child molester John Geoghan. In that case, officials shuttled the priest from parish to parish even though they knew he was a child molester. 

      The revelations are likely to generate more accusations that Law and other members of the Boston Catholic hierarchy protected the church's reputation at the expense of children's safety. Calls for Law's
resignation, which he has rejected, are likely to increase.  Prelates in Ireland and Poland, both deeply Catholic countries, have resigned because of sex abuse scandals.  Officials throughout the hierarchy of the Catholic church have condemned pedophilia by priests. Even Pope John Paul II weighed in, calling it the worst form of evil. 

April 11 - Dedicated to my rich heritage and Family bloodline
James Buchanan, the 15th President of the United States, was born in Franklin County, near Mercersburg Pennsylvania, at a spot called Stony Batter (Originally Cove Gap). Of Scottish-Irish descent, he was born on Apr. 23, 1791, the son of James Buchanan, a prosperous storekeeper, and his wife, Elizabeth Speer. 
      Cove Gap, Buchanan's birthplace, is a far cry from the modern world that many Americans take for granted. Though quiet and solitude now reign, the spirit of this place would have been much different on April 23, 1791, the day of James Buchanan's birth. Then, it was the western edge of civilization; a place alive with the sights and sounds of a center of commerce. Though the surrounding Allegheny Mountains provided a formidable barrier to those seeking a way west, Cove Gap's cut through two of three parallel mountains made a westward journey a little easier. During those days, anyone seeking a route west passed through this gap. 

      In 1789, James Buchanan's father bought this place, first called Tom's Trading Place, in its heyday, complete with cabins, barns, stables, storehouses, store and orchard. He renamed it Stony Batter after the Buchanan home in northern Ireland and continued to operate the business until moving it to nearby Mercersburg when young James reached the age of six. Though young when he left Stony Batter, Buchanan's first home left a lasting impression. Years later in 1865, the owner of the site invited the former President to visit his birthplace. Buchanan wrote in reply, "It is a rugged but romantic spot, and the mountain and mountain stream under the scenery cape captivating. I have warm attachments for it...". 

      Young James received an academy education and attended Dickinson College, Carlisle, Pa., graduating in 1809. He then studied law in
Lancaster, where he began practice in 1813. Although a FEDERALIST in political sympathies, he supported the prosecution of the War of 1812 and participated as a volunteer in the defense of Baltimore. After serving in the Pennsylvania House of Representatives (1814-16), Buchanan devoted attention to his law practice, which soon prospered. In 1819 he became engaged to Ann Coleman, daughter of a wealthy Lancaster iron manufacturer, but as a result of a misunderstanding the engagement was ended. Her sudden death shortly thereafter left Buchanan desolate. He never married. In 1820, Buchanan was elected to the U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. With the collapse of the Federalist party, he supported Andrew JACKSON for the presidency. In the late 1820s he emerged as the leader of the Amalgamation party, the dominant faction of Pennsylvania Jacksonians. Buchanan retired from CONGRESS in 1831 but later that year accepted Jackson's offer of the ministry to Russia. He remained at St. Petersburg from 1832 to 1834, where he concluded a commercial treaty. Shortly after his return he was elected to the U.S. SENATE, where he served from 1834 to 1845.
      Mentioned as a possible presidential candidate in 1844, Buchanan became (1845) secretary of state in the cabinet of President James K.
POLK. Although Polk personally directed the formulation of foreign policy, Buchanan worked diligently in matters relating to the consummation of the annexation (1845) of Texas, the settlement of the Oregon Question, and the Mexican War. He retired from office at the end of the Polk administration in 1849. Buchanan was a serious contender for the DEMOCRATIC nomination in 1852 but lost to Franklin PIERCE, who named him minister to Great Britain. His mission in London (1853-56) accomplished little but benefited him politically, for he remained aloof from the controversy over the Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854).
      At the Democratic convention in 1856, Buchanan won the presidential nomination on the 17th ballot. In the fall he won an ELECTORAL
victory, although he failed to get a popular majority over John C. Fremont, the Republican, and Millard Fillmore, the KNOW-NOTHING candidate. Two days after Buchanan's inauguration, the Supreme Court declared in the Dred Scott case that Congress had no power over slavery in the territories. He welcomed this ruling as the final word on that issue, but the REPUBLICANS and many Northern Democrats refused to accept the Court's opinion. Like Pierce, Buchanan met difficulties in organizing Kansas Territory. He urged Congress to accept the territory's proslavery LeCompton Constitution, even though it had been drawn up by an unrepresentative convention that had refused to submit it to the people. Stephen A. Douglas, Democratic senator of Illinois, broke with Buchanan, arguing that the president's stand made a mockery of the doctrine of Popular Sovereignty. Ultimately the constitution was referred to the Kansas electorate, which overwhelmingly rejected it.
      With his long experience in diplomacy, Buchanan expected his administration to conduct a vigorous foreign policy. He sought to extend
American influence in the Caribbean, but congressional opposition forced him to give up efforts to purchase Cuba from Spain. Inevitably, domestic matters intruded upon his attention. The panic of 1857 added to the unpopularity of his administration and contributed to heavy Democratic losses in the congressional elections of 1858.       The sectional controversy grew steadily more serious during the last two years of Buchanan's presidency. The raid by John Brown at Harpers Ferry and Brown's execution by Virginia authorities in 1859 intensified public feeling in both the South and the North. In the presidential campaign of 1860 the Democratic party split, and Buchanan endorsed Vice President John C. BRECKINRIDGE of Kentucky, whom he considered the regular nominee, instead of Douglas, the candidate of the Northern Democrats. The election of Abraham LINCOLN, the Republican candidate, prompted the secession of seven Southern states and the creation of the Confederate States of America during Buchanan's last months in office. The president was criticized by secessionists because he denied the legality of their action and by Northern advocates of a more vigorous policy because he believed that the executive lacked the power to coerce a state. He based his hopes for the survival of the Union on last minute compromise efforts, which failed. As the more pro-Southern cabinet members resigned during the crisis, he took a stronger pro-Union stand, refusing to turn over Fort Pickens in Florida and Fort Summer in South Carolina to the authorities in those secessionist states.
       During the Civil War Buchanan generally supported Lincoln's war policies while preparing a defense of his own administration, which he
published in 1866. He died at his estate, Wheatland, near Lancaster, on June 1, 1868. Buchanan's reputation is judged mainly by his conduct during the last months of his presidency, and he is therefore generally regarded as an ineffective executive. In his defense it can be said that he was a lame duck president caught in a vicious crossfire between secessionists and Republicans. But at the same time his adherence to a conservative legalism led him to interpret narrowly his powers to deal with an unprecedented constitutional crisis.
      During Buchanan's term as Secretary of State (1845-1849), he annexed one-third of the territory of the continental United States under his signature. He negotiated the Oregon Territory with Great Britain in 1845. This included the states of Washington, Oregon, Idaho and parts of Montana. He signed the annexation of the Republic of Texas, an area that included the state of Texas, one-half of New Mexico, and parts of Colorado, Oklahoma and Kansas. In 1848, Buchanan concluded the Treaty of Guadeloupe-Hidalgo which annexed the remainder of the southwest from Mexico around Texas and north to the old Louisiana Purchase Line. 

      Buchanan originated the "Good Neighbor Policy" toward Central American nations. This policy fostered friendship, cooperation and non-interference in the internal affairs of another country - whether they were constitutional or dictatorial. Buchanan also supported the Monroe Doctrine, a policy opposing any European control in the Americas. 
Buchanan won Queen Victoria's favor while serving as the foreign minister to Great Britain. This relationship grew stronger when the anti-British press attacked the motherland. Because of Buchanan's endearing relationship with Queen Victoria, the queen sent her son, the Prince of Wales, to visit the President. This marked the first time British royalty had visited the United States. The Buchanan/Queen Victoria friendship proved beneficial during the Civil War. Queen Victoria opposed the strong movement in Parliament to recognize e Confederacy in a move designed to bring needed cotton to Britain. Had the Confederacy been recognized by Britain, the outcome of the war may have changed. 
      Buchanan understood the Constitution nearly as well as its author James Madison. Buchanan held Madison's views of how the Constitution was supposed to work, not as a logical document or as a consolidating wisdom to succeed. Buchanan was also instrumental in having Madison's notes on the 1787 Constitutional Convention turned over to the federal government and eventually printed. 
On the eve of the Civil War, President James Buchanan presented his 4th Annual Message to Congress in which he explained his basic policy. The northern press condemned his policy as weak, vacillating, pro southern and even treasonable. On March 4,1861, President Abraham Lincoln gave his inaugural address. Some newspapers said his policy was forceful, brave, patriotic, manly, full of decision and firm, even though Lincoln's inaugural address repeats in some places the same terminology used in Buchanan's earlier policy statements. 
      During Buchanan's term as President: his policy kept peace; the armed forces were on alert; he suggested a Constitutional Convention on slavery; and he pledged the federal government would enforce the law where practical, but not commit armed aggression against the South. Lincoln followed the same policy until the firing on Fort Sumter which required a military response and brought on the Civil War. On May 30, 1868, Buchanan's last public statement was taken from his bed the day before he died, "My dear friend, I have no fear for the future. Posterity will do me justice. I have always felt, and still feel that I discharged every public duty imposed upon me conscientiously. I have no regret for any public act of my life and history will vindicate my memory from every unjust aspersion:'

      Mr. Buchanan entered Dickinson College, Pennsylvania and graduated from that institution in 1809, at the age of seventeen, with credit. He immediately began the study of law, with Mr. James Hopkins, of Lancaster, and was admitted to practice in 1812. He work at this profession for nearly thirty years. His first entrance upon political life was at the age of twenty three, when he became a member of the Pennsylvania Legislature. In 1820, Mr. Buchanan took his seat in the House of Representatives, and continued a member by successive reelections for ten years. He supported General Jackson and on that chieftain's election to the Presidency, which was promoted by his influence in Pennsylvania, he was placed at the head of the Judiciary committee. In 1831, Mr. Buchanan received the appointment from President Jackson of Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to St. Petersburg, and succeeded in securing a valuable commercial treaty, opening to our merchants important privileges in the Russian waters. On his return in 1833 he was elected to the United States Senate. When Mr. Polk became president in 1845, Mr. Buchanan was appointed Secretary of State. Mr. Buchanan was appointed Minister to England in 1853. Mr. Buchanan received the nomination for the Presidency from the Democratic convention in 1856 and was elected. He tried but failed to buy Cuba from Spain. He was the only president who never married. During the close of his term the clouds which had been gathering since its commencement broke in the storm of war. Buchanan was president right before Lincoln so he spent much of his time trying to appease the anti-slavery and the pro-slavery forces within his administration.  The election of Mr. Lincoln was followed by the succession in the Southern States and there was no weapon in the hands of Mr. Buchanan powerful enough to arrest the rebellion. 
      James Buchanan was tall, stately, stiffly formal in the high stock he wore around his jowls. Presiding over a rapidly dividing Nation, Buchanan grasped inadequately the political realities of the time. Relying on constitutional doctrines to close the widening rift over slavery, he failed to understand that the North would not accept constitutional arguments which favored the South. Nor could he realize how sectionalism had realigned political parties: the Democrats split; the Whigs were destroyed, giving rise to the Republicans. Born into a well-to-do Pennsylvania family in 1791, Buchanan, a graduate of Dickinson College, was gifted as a debater and learned in the law. He was elected five times to the House of Representatives; then, after an interlude as Minister to Russia, served for a decade in the Senate. He became Polk's Secretary of State and Pierce's Minister to Great Britain. Service abroad helped to bring him the Democratic nomination in 1856 because it had exempted him from involvement in bitter domestic controversies. As President-elect, Buchanan thought the crisis would disappear if he maintained a sectional balance in his appointments and could persuade the people to accept constitutional law as the Supreme Court interpreted it. The Court was considering the legality of restricting slavery in the territories, and two justices hinted to Buchanan what the decision would be. Thus, in his Inaugural the President referred to the territorial question as "happily, a matter of but little practical importance" since the Supreme Court was about to settle it "speedily and finally." Two days later Chief Justice Roger B. Taney delivered the Dred Scott decision, asserting that Congress had no constitutional power to deprive persons of their property rights in slaves in the territories. Southerners were delighted, but the decision created a furor in the North. Buchanan decided to end the troubles in Kansas by urging the admission of the territory as a slave state. Although he directed his Presidential authority to this goal, he further angered the Republicans and alienated members of his own party. Kansas remained a territory. When Republicans won a plurality in the House in 1858, every significant bill they passed fell before southern votes in the Senate or a Presidential veto. The Federal Government reached a stalemate. Sectional strife rose to such a pitch in 1860 that the Democratic Party split into northern and southern wings, each nominating its own candidate for the Presidency. Consequently, when the Republicans nominated Abraham Lincoln, it was a foregone conclusion that he would be elected even though his name appeared on no southern ballot. Rather than accept a Republican administration, the southern "fire-eaters" advocated secession. President Buchanan, dismayed and hesitant, denied the legal right of states to secede but held that the Federal Government legally could not prevent them. He hoped for compromise, but secessionist leaders did not want compromise. Then Buchanan took a more militant tack. As several Cabinet members resigned, he appointed northerners, and sent the Star of the West to carry reinforcements to Fort Sumter. On January 9, 1861, the vessel was far away. Buchanan reverted to a policy of inactivity that continued until he left office. In March 1861 he retired to his Pennsylvania home Wheatland, where he died seven years later, leaving his successor to resolve the frightful issue facing the Nation.

First Lady: Harriet Lane, Niece

Wife's Maiden Name: None None

Number of Children: None

Education Level: College

School Attended: Dickinson College

Religion: Presbyterian

Profession: Military, Lawyer

Military Service: No official rank

Public Service:
Dates of Presidency: 3/4/1857 - 3/3/1861

Presidency Number: 15

Number of Terms: 1

Why Presidency Ended: Not nominated

Party: Democratic

His Vice President(s): John C. Breckinridge

Cabinet Service: Secretary of State (James K. Polk, 1845-1849)

Senator: Pennsylvania (1834-1845)

House of Representatives: Pennsylvania (1821-1831)

State Legislative Service: PA (1814-1815)

Other Offices: Minister to Russia; Minister to Great Britain

During his term the Dred Scott decision was passed which decreed that a slave was not a person but forever property.  His niece, Harriet Lane, acted as hostess for the White House, was known for her charm, and was referred to as "the belle" of Washington. Because of the Civil War, Buchanan actually believed he would be the last president of the United States.  "My dear, sir, if you are as happy on entering the White House as I on leaving, you are a very happy man indeed." -- James Buchanan to Abraham Lincoln. 
April 12
Image of the Day
Gunning for Gophers Draws Activists' Fire 
WINNIPEG, Manitoba - The Canadian province of Saskatchewan is offering cash prizes to the top guns in its 2002 gopher hunting derby, but the plan to rid the Prairie farming region of a plague of the cute, crop-eating rodents is drawing flak from animal rights activists. "It's a killing derby basically and there's other ways of dealing with wildlife," said Sinikka Crosland, a Canadian nurse who has spearheaded an international letter writing blitz. "We're going to have people out there with their firearms blasting away at the gophers," she said. 
      The 2002 Ken Turcott Memorial Gopher Derby began this week in the western province. Named after a local, avid, gopher exterminator, the derby is sponsored by the Saskatoon Wildlife Federation, which warns that gopher numbers have reached epidemic levels. "We're just infested with gophers in areas. We're hoping to help out the landowners," said Len Jabush, business manager for the wildlife federation, who admits he has a major public relations headache ahead of him. "We're emphasizing that it be done safely, done humanely and not cause any problems for anyone," he added, noting that shooting gophers is better for the environment than the common practice of poisoning them with strychnine. 

      For decades, Prairie farmers have engaged in a tireless battle to reduce the population of gophers, trying everything from traps to poisons -- even giant vacuums. With their numbers estimated in the millions, the gophers usually win. And Saskatchewan's gopher population is expected to peak this year because of a lack of snow. Usually run-off from the spring melt flows into gopher dens and drowns many of the animals. 

      Entrants in the gopher hunt pay C$20 ($12.60) to sign up for the derby. The 10 participants who turn in the most gopher tails by the June 23 deadline will share the kitty. Some of the money will also go to fund wildlife preserves. 
April 13
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I spent three hours today clearing out brush and vines from Bolder Creek which runs behind my house with the help of Chris and Erin.  The front trees and shrubs are now trimmed.  If I only could get a working lawn mower to cut down the brush and weeds growing in the front and back yards things would look perfect. 
Court: Weapons Ban Unconstitutional 
CINCINNATI - An appeals court in Ohio upheld a lower court's ruling that the state's ban on carrying concealed weapons violates the state constitution. The 1st Ohio District Court of Appeals ruled that the decades-old ban, which bars both carrying a concealed weapon and having a loaded weapon in a vehicle, infringes on the right to self defense. "I feel like a burden's been lifted off my shoulders," said Pat Feely, 31, a food delivery truck driver and one of five people who challenged the law. Feely was arrested in 1999 because he kept a gun in his waistband while delivering pizzas. The framers of the state constitution "put the citizens' rights up front," said Mark Painter, presiding judge of the appeals court. "We believe they meant what they said."
      Lawyers for Cincinnati, Hamilton County and the state had argued that government has the right to regulate the manner in which weapons are carried. Ohio's attorney general asked the state Supreme Court for an immediate delay of the ruling to hear an appeal, said spokesman Joe Case.  The appeals court upheld Hamilton County Common Pleas Judge Robert Ruehlman's Jan. 10 ruling that the state ban was unenforceable in the county. The court also said the ban is confusing to citizens and police, making it likely that various agencies would enforce the law differently.

      Ohio law allows only law enforcement officials and state and federal government officers to carry concealed weapons. The plaintiffs, who include a private investigator, say their jobs take them into areas where they need self defense. Their attorneys also argued that conflicting enforcement by different police agencies makes it difficult for people to know how to exercise their constitutional right to self defense.
They said Cincinnati police have arrested people for carrying concealed weapons, and city officers have testified they probably would arrest someone who tried to openly carry a weapon. Meanwhile, an Ohio State Highway Patrol officer testified that the patrol has caught motorists carrying loaded guns and let them go. Forty-three states allow concealed weapons in some form.
April 14
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I filed an extension for my taxes today.  After 4 attempts to turn them in electronically failed.  I have severely strained my left neck muscle and have difficulty moving it, in addition to having a enflamed lymph node and sore throat.  The high humidity from the last few days has not helped things either.  Luckily, the vine removal adventure over last weekend loosened up my back a lot.
FDA Calls Nicotine Lollipops Illegal 
WASHINGTON - The Food and Drug Administration cracked down on Internet sellers of nicotine laced lollipops and lip balm, declaring them illegal and ordering that three pharmacies stop sales immediately. The lollipops in particular pose a risk to children because they look like regular candy, the FDA warned.  "The quantity of nicotine could be potentially dangerous to a small child," said FDA attorney David Horowitz.  He urged smokers to switch to FDA approved smoking cessation products. The agency can't say for sure if the lollipops pose an immediate health risk to adult smokers, because they are made with a different form of nicotine than is found in nicotine gum, patches or other approved products. That form of nicotine has not been tested for safety. That alone makes the lollipops and lip balm illegal to sell, but the Internet pharmacies also had been wrongly dispensing them without a doctor's prescription, the FDA said. The FDA gave the three pharmacies 15 days to tell the government  they're stopping sales or risk further legal action. The pharmacies are Ashland Drugs in Ashland, Miss., Bird's Hill Pharmacy in Needham, Mass., and The Compounding Pharmacy in Aurora, Ill.
       The FDA is reviewing other unconventional nicotine products, such as a Virginia company's nicotine lozenge, to see if they also qualify as drugs being sold illegally.  "I didn't know there'd be a problem" with selling the lollipops, said Larry Melton, owner of Ashland Drugs, who said he created them because customers had requested alternatives to gum or patches. He said he quit selling them Wednesday upon receiving the FDA's warning letter, to the disappointment of customers and some doctors who last week had begun giving smokers prescriptions for them.
April 15
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I had another night of sleeplessness, maybe 3 hours of sleep.  When you become familiar with the night train schedule something needs to change.  Here's the Israeli conflict from the other viewpoint of the arab perspective or non American media....
This morning the newspaper reported on all the money that is being raised to help the Palestinians fight against Israel. Over the weekend there were telethons on all the local TV stations where people could call in and pledge money to buy arms to fight. In the emirates alone they raised over $100 million in three days. The response was so strong that the royal families ordered the TV stations to continue with the telethons. There were pictures of women donating their jewelry, and kids breaking their piggy banks (the equivalent as they don't like pigs) to give a few pennies here and a few pennies there.

      We also read how Sadam Hussein and members of all the royal families in the Gulf have set up special trust funds to give to families of the suicide bombers as a reward for this act of craziness. The newspapers estimate that each family currently gets about $150,000 when a son or daughter decides to blow themselves up.  In addition, there are interviews of kids about the age of 6 or 7 who are already planning on becoming martyrs for the cause.

      The newspapers also report that over 75% of Saudi's hate Americans, and are glad when the USA suffers acts of terrorism. They report that the overwhelming majority of moslems believe that the attacks of September 11 were actually done by Israel in an attempt to poison the world against their religion. There are TV ads portraying the Palestinians as fighting for peace, and the Israelis as war mongers. There are songs in Arabic that sound great, and are played while showing Israeli tanks and soldiers shooting at Palestinians.
April 16
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At what point does this set the stage for two apostles to be in the middle east, to end up on the streets of Israel, the random targets of a suicide bomber.  We are in the 18th month of the Isreali-Palestinian war that has no end in sight in the next 6 months.  I have been sick the last few days with a earache, sore throat, and stressed neck muscle.  None of which are feeling that good after my lack of sleep each night.
Two Apostles Take Overseas Assignments
SALT LAKE CITY Two apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints will begin overseas assignments for one year starting in August this year the first time such senior leaders have lived and presided in an international area of the Church for nearly half a century. Elder Dallin H. Oaks will serve as area president in the Philippines, and Elder Jeffrey R. Holland will serve in the same capacity in Chile. The appointments were announced today by the First Presidency in a post general conference training meeting with general authorities of the Church.
     Assignments of Church apostles to reside in international areas have not been a practice in the Church for some four decades. Ezra Taft Benson, who was ordained an apostle in 1943, presided over the European Mission in the mid-1960s. David O. McKay similarly served as a mission president while a member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles. He presided over the British Mission in the early 1920s.

The move is aimed at meeting the challenges that the Church has faced for years in many developing areas:  rapid Church growth, and the need to train leadership and to help new members assimilate into the Church and attend the temple. The assignments will enable members of the Quorum of the Twelve to gain additional experience in meeting and resolving these challenges.
April 17
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Drug Tunnel Found Under U.S. Customs Lot 
PHOENIX (Reuters) - Puzzled federal agents tried Tuesday to discover who dug an 85 foot- (26 meter) long tunnel that started in Mexico, ran directly underneath a U.S. Customs Service parking lot in Southern Arizona, and was believed used at least once to smuggle drugs into the United States.  The tunnel, complete with wood bracing and electricity illegally tapped from a Customs employee parking lot, was found Sunday by a sharp-eyed government security guard patrolling the area, said Roger Maier, a Customs Service spokesman. No drugs were located during an inspection of the tunnel but evidence suggested that the tunnel was used at least once to smuggle drugs. No arrests have been made.  "It is bold to do something like this," Maier said. "But it is also bold to bring dope through the port of entry in a car. They are going to look for whatever avenue they can." 
      Authorities said the security guard's suspicions were aroused when he noticed a depression in the parking lot concrete. He discovered that a small hole in the concrete opened to a larger expanse below the
ground.  An investigation found that the tunnel apparently stretched from a wash in Mexico, across the U.S. border, and underneath about 25 feet (7.6 meters) of a Customs lot. It ended underneath a public parking lot just northwest of the Nogales, Ariz., entry port. 
      Portions of the tunnel were only inches below the surface, Maier said. It is believed that smugglers unloaded their drug cache through a one-square-foot piece of concrete that had been punched out of the
parking lot and replaced with a concrete cap that was placed over the hole to conceal the opening.  This is the ninth drug tunnel found in Nogales since 1995, including two that spanned the U.S.-Mexico border. In December, authorities discovered a more elaborate tunnel that opened into a vacant house in Nogales and had the makings of a rail system to carry drugs through it. It was linked to a several area drug seizures. 
April 18
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I mailed out my taxes today, hopefully everything is correct.  I am still feeling sick and waiting for the medicine to kick in and get my body back in gear.  I received some of the geneology information from my grandparents today.  Hopefully I can get this information organized to a internet-friendly format.
British explorers Steve Brooks, left, and Graham Stratford, drive their customized snow cat, the Snowbird 6, across part of the Bering Strait off the coast of Cape Prince of Wales, Alaska. After waiting two weeks for the right  weather conditions. British explorers Steve Brooks and Graham Stratford, who designed the vehicle, are on their third attempt to be the first people to drive from the United States to Russia across the treacherous Bering Strait. The team drove as far as Little Diomede Island, half way through the 56 mile trip when they were stopped by the Russians. The two adventurers flew back to the village of Wales on Saturday to await permission from Russia to continue. The Bering Strait, this time of year is a mass of shifting ice floes, large pressures ridges, huge blocks of ice and temperatures as low as -30.
April 19
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My mom came into town last night for the day, bringing me antibiotics, furniture, and supplies.  Trying to get all the work done is a never ending process.  Met with my contractor Jerry this morning to discuss the work I need him to do.  You can only push the progress along so much.  My plumber is having back surgery for a pinched disk this week, so that's on the sidelines also.  I have to work this weekend for a few hours, so there goes my sleeping in on Saturday morning until noon.... I can't remember that last time I got to sleep past 9 am on the weekends.
The laptop version will have two, full-sized 15" diagonal screens and a Microsoft Windows XP Operating System, giving Estari's 2-VU all the features of a laptop, paired with a reading experience that is superior to that of a PC or a dedicated electronic reader. The 2-VU comes loaded with DocAble Organizer Professional, a digital document management software package that will organize and manage information in virtually any file format -- whether the information is located on a single PC, network servers, the web or any removable media.
April 20
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           Harriet Lane (1830-1903)
Unique among First Ladies, Harriet Lane acted as hostess for the only President who never married: James Buchanan, her favorite uncle and her guardian after she was orphaned at the age of eleven. And of all the ladies of the White House, few achieved such great success in deeply troubled times as this polished young woman in her twenties. 

      In the rich farming country of Franklin County, Pennsylvania, her
family had prospered as merchants. Her uncle supervised her sound education in private school, completed by two years at the Visitation Convent in Georgetown. By this time, "Nunc" was Secretary of State, and he introduced her to fashionable circles as he had promised, "in the best manner." In 1854 she joined him in London, where he was minister to the Court of St. James. Queen Victoria gave "dear Miss Lane" the rank of ambassador's wife; admiring suitors gave her the fame of a beauty. 
      In appearance "Hal" Lane was of medium height, with masses of light hair almost golden. In manner she enlivened social gatherings with a captivating mixture of spontaneity and poise. After the sadness of the Pierce administration, the capital eagerly welcomed its new "Democratic Queen" in 1857. Harriet Lane filled the White House with gaiety and flowers, and guided its social life with enthusiasm and discretion, winning national popularity. 

      As sectional tensions increased, she worked out seating arrangements for her weekly formal dinner parties with special care, to give dignitaries their proper precedence and still keep political foes apart. Her tact did not falter, but her task became impossible--as did her uncle's. Seven states had seceded by the time Buchanan retired from office and thankfully returned with his niece to his spacious country home, Wheatland, near Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
  From her teenage years, the popular Miss Lane flirted happily with numerous beaux, calling them "pleasant but dreadfully troublesome." Buchanan often warned her against "rushing precipitately into matrimonial connexions," and she waited until she was almost 36 to marry. She chose, with her uncle's approval, Henry Elliott Johnston, a Baltimore banker. Within the next 18 years she faced one sorrow after another: the loss of her uncle, her two fine young sons, and her husband. 
       Thereafter she decided to live in Washington, among friends made
during years of happiness. She had acquired a sizable art collection, largely of European works, which she bequeathed to the government. Accepted after her death in 1903, it inspired an official of the Smithsonian Institution to call her "First Lady of the National Collection of Fine Arts." In addition, she had dedicated a generous sum to endow a home for invalid children at the Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore. It became an outstanding pediatric facility, and its national reputation is a fitting memorial to the young lady who presided at the White House with such dignity and charm. The Harriet Lane Outpatient Clinics serve thousands of children today.

April 21
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I spend the day doing yard work around the house.  Chris, Erin and I hauled off 5 truck loads of garbage, wood pieces and miscellaneous items.  I bought a lawn mower to attempt to control the forest growing in my yard.  I managed to hew down the front and side yard grass that was almost 3' tall in places.
April 22
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How clueless are these people to be unaware of the war that is going on in the region for the last year and a half. Today was another long day of printing at work.  I am slowly recovering from being ill, it seems to take forever.  I know I'm sick when I pass up the opportunity to go to Home Depot 3 times in a row.  Awaiting for my framing contractor to show up and finish his work, which is delaying my electrical work getting done. 
Two Japanese tourists, eager to visit Bethlehem's Church of
the Nativity, were so engrossed in their guide book they did not notice they had wandered into a war zone. Japanese tourists Yuji Nakano, left, and Mina Takahashi sit in the destroyed town square of Bethlehem's Old City. The two tourists, from Tokyo, say they arrived in Bethlehem on part of their six month travels around the world hoping to visit the Church of the Nativity and were unaware of the on-going standoff between Israeli forces and Palestinian gunmen taking shelter in the Church. "We have been on the road for the last six months and we did not watch television or read the newspapers," a bemused Yuji Nakano said.  Nakano said he and his girlfriend had been dropped off by a taxi at a checkpoint near Bethlehem and had made their way along streets torn up by armored vehicles. Apart from souvenir vendors, Palestinians normally pay little attention to the visitors, but Wednesday, local women and children simply gazed at the two in stark disbelief.
April 23
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Here's a collector's t-shirt dream, a shirt that has been pulled from the market after only one month. I spent almost 3 hours last night mowing the rest of my lawn area.  The grass took 2 passes to get everything even, and the grass has grown to the edge of my mulch pile, and is encroaching upon my garden.  Now I need to find some time to weed. I cleaned out the downstairs bedroom in hopes of the closet dividing wall being built soon.
April 24
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Action figures of President George W. Bush and Islamic militant Osama bin Laden are part of a group of new action figure designs by Herobuilders. The Connecticut toy maker is selling 'life-like action figures' based on major figures tied to the Sept. 11 attacks, including Bush, bin Laden, former New York Mayor Rudolph Giuliani and British Prime Minister Tony Blair.
April 25
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I saw the movie Changing Lanes tonight.  This was one of the better written movies I have see in a long time and would have to rate it a 9.5/10.  The storyline details were excellent, and used to progress the storyline, with constant wrong clues to hint that something else was going to happen that actually took place.
A new foldable computer screen is seen in this picture. South Korean display maker Samsung SDI has unveiled a new foldable computer screen which it says will be ideal for Internet users reading online books. The flat LCD screen folds like a book and is much clearer than existing ones, Samsung SDI said.
April 26
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Erin and I clean up the downstairs bedroom today.  We had to pick up the broken sheetrock, and insulation laying around from the closet wall finally being installed.  I hauled off another load of garbage to the dumpsters after picking everything up. I saw the movie Scorpion King tonight, an overall decent movie script, although the ending was bad.  I would give it a 8/10 but have to knock it down to 7.5 due to the sudden romantic ending of the movie.
Al-Qaida Leader: Dirty Bomb Possible 
WASHINGTON - Abu Zubaydah, the senior al-Qaida field commander in U.S. custody, told his interrogators that the terrorist network knows how to build a "dirty bomb," a terror weapon capable of dispersing radioactivity over a wide area. Officials don't know whether to believe Abu Zubaydah, who also recently claimed al-Qaida is targeting banks in the northeastern United States. That report was the basis of an FBI alert last week.
      Such a weapon also called a radiological dispersal device would use conventional explosives to spread industrial or medical- grade radioactive material in a populated area to cause widespread fear of exposure. They are not thought to be difficult to build. Acquiring enough radioactive material to do harm is regarded as the greatest challenge for terrorists.

      Much of the U.S. government's thinking on the subject is theoretical, because no one has detonated a radiological weapon. They do exist. In 1995, separatists from Russia's embattled Chechnya region announced they had placed Cesium-137 in a Moscow park; it was recovered by authorities. The Chechens, who are believed now to have links to al-Qaida, threatened to covertly release additional materials.
April 27
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I spent the day relaxing today.  Trying to recovering from my long week, now if only I could train my body to let me sleep in occasionally.
Joe Lamond, president and chief executive officer of International Music Products Association, listens as his

fellow witness Elmo of Sesame Street testifies during a House Labor, Health and Human Services, Education Appropriations Committee hearing on Capitol Hill, in Washington. The two were testifying in favor of school music education. 
April 28
No Image of the Day
After years of brainwashing children with hatred and violence I fail to she how this community is shocked with the actions of these children.  They are merely acting upon what they have been taught and raised to do.
Schoolboy Suicide Attacks Dismay Palestinians
SHEIKH RUDWAN, Gaza Strip - School over for the day, the three boys told their unsuspecting parents they were off to see friends.  Hours later, their bullet riddled bodies were lying in the dirt outside a Jewish settlement in the Gaza Strip. Israeli troops had shot them before they could reach their target.  Suicide notes left by the 14-year-old classmates showed they knew the venture would end in their deaths.  The Israeli army said the boys, named by relatives as Youssef Zaqout, Anwar Hamdouna and Ismail Abu Nadi, had been carrying home-made pipe bombs, an ax and knives.  Futile or heroic, the boys' gesture of resistance to occupation has deeply disturbed some community leaders who fear other youngsters might copy their quest for "martyrdom." Even the Islamic militant group Hamas, which has sent scores of members on suicide missions against Israelis, described the actions of the schoolboys as a "national catastrophe." Their deaths mirrored that of another 14-year-old, Haitham Abu Shuqa, killed last week trying to stage a solo attack on a Jewish settlement with two pipe bombs and a dagger. The pipe bombs are crude devices that use gunpowder extracted from ordinary fireworks. 
        Thousands of Palestinians marched on Wednesday behind the coffins of the three schoolboys to a cemetery in Gaza City's Sheikh Rudwan district, where they had spent their brief lives. All three had left notes for their families, explaining what they planned to do and asking forgiveness.   "Oh mother, please be happy with me. I ask you to pray to God to make my martyrdom operation a success," wrote Zaqout. "I am giving my soul for the sake of God and the homeland." The three boys all went to school as usual on Tuesday and returned home briefly before embarking on their fatal mission, telling their parents they were off to meet friends.  "Dad, Mum, forgive me. I am going to carry out a martyrdom operation against a settlement," Abu Naid said.  Zaqout's mother could hardly choke back her tears. "What can I say? They killed my boy," she sobbed. Asked if she understood his motives, she said: "Children are tormented by what they see on television. Israel has left all Palestinians, including children, with no choice but to die." 

        The suicide notes gave no inkling that any of the boys was affiliated to any militant Palestinian group. No organization has claimed responsibility for their action.  As Gaza parents pondered the state of mind of their own offspring, psychologist Fadel Abu Heen said many children were severely traumatized by seeing and hearing of Palestinians, especially children their own age, being killed by the Israelis.  "It is despair, despair and more despair. Children are unable to cope with the sad reality," he told Reuters, adding that child suicide attackers were motivated more by an overwhelming sense of hopelessness than surging nationalism. 

        Abu Heen said televised scenes of burned and dismembered bodies, beamed into Gaza homes repeatedly during the West Bank offensive launched by Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon on March 29, had heightened the psychological damage.  He urged militant leaders and mosque preachers to wake up to the risks and work to restrain suicidal adolescent impulses.  "We should not militarize the whole society. A schoolchild must study and a grown-up fighter can fight," he said.  In a statement that blamed "Israeli massacres" for driving the boys to their deaths, Hamas told teenagers to refrain from acts that might "leave many of them dead by settlement fences." Ibrahim Jaroush, among dozens of children waiting at a Gaza hospital for the arrival of the three boy's broken bodies, said he wanted to emulate their quixotic deed.  "I want to get revenge for the boys killed by Sharon," the 11-year-old said. 
April 29
No Image of the Day
My contractor Jerry is working today, no I'm not dreaming his actually working to finish the Unit B side.  My timeline is to have the entire unit finished and ready to be rented for June.  The upstairs hallway is completely framed in with space for the new doorway.  While the lower bedroom gained a closet wall and a pantry area into the utility room.  Here is an interesting story about the legal battles of information jurisdiction over the internet.
DVD Copying Defendant Gets Supported in Calif. Fight
The Computer & Communications Industry Association (CCIA) Thursday filed an Amicus Curiae, or "friend of the court," brief with the California Supreme Court on behalf of an out of state defendant in a DVD-copying software publication case. The group is urging the court to overturn a lower court ruling that the developer must stand trial in California even though he doesn't live there.   In its brief, the CCIA said a California appeals court erred when it ruled the state has jurisdiction over Matthew Pavlovich and ordered him to stand trial in California.  Pavlovich, an open-source developer who played a role in the creation of DVD-playing software for Linux known as LiViD, is one of a number of defendants targeted in a lawsuit filed by the DVD Copy Control Association (DVD CCA). Pavlovich, who was a student at Purdue University in Indiana at the time of the filing of the complaint and now resides in Texas, claimed to have no contacts in California and argued that the state has no jurisdiction over him. 
       Pavlovich owned and operated a Web site where he posted a program called DeCSS. The appeals court described DeCSS as a computer program designed to "defeat" the DVD CCA's encryption- based copy protection system, known as the Content Scramble System, or CSS, which is "employed to encrypt and protect the copyrighted motion pictures contained on digital versatile discs, or DVDs."  The CCIA agreed with Pavlovich's contention that he had no commercial contacts in California. It said the state did not have jurisdiction over him because, it argued, the "mere posting" of information on the Internet is "not sufficient" to create jurisdiction. 
The organization went on to say the court of appeal "erroneously expanded the scope of personal jurisdiction beyond the limits of the due process clause." The CCIA disagreed with the court's finding that Pavlovich knew, or should have known, "that by posting the misappropriated information on the Internet, he was making the information available to a wide range of Internet users and consumers throughout the Internet world, including users and consumers in California." 
        "If allowed to stand, this decision would create universal jurisdiction in California for any person or company that publishes a Web site on the Internet," CCIA president and CEO Ed Black said in a written statement.   "If followed in other states or in other countries, this would subject every Web site owner to the jurisdiction of virtually every court in the world," Black added. "Clearly, this shatters established concepts of jurisdiction and must not be allowed to stand."   In its Aug. 7, 2001, ruling, the court of appeal agreed with the DVD CCA's contention that Pavlovich knew that the motion picture industry was centered in California, and the computer technology industry has a dominant presence in the state. In addition, he admitted knowing that pirating DVDs is illegal, and that DeCSS facilitates pirating of DVDs.

       Based on these findings, the court ruled Pavlovich, "knew, or should have known, that the DVD republishing and distribution activities he was illegally doing and allowing to be done through the use of this Web site, while benefiting him, were injuriously affecting the motion picture and computer industries in California. The question is whether Pavlovich's lack of physical and personal presence in  California incapacitates California courts from jurisdictionally reaching him through its long arm statutes. We hold it does not." 
April 30
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My electrician is working to finish all the wiring this week.  The smoke detector wiring, dedicated circuits, and ceiling fans are getting closer to be completed, along with new outside circuit plugs.
Yesterday marked 10 years since the start of the Rodney King riot in Los Angeles. The outburst killed 50 people while causing more than $1 billion in property damage - and in some respects the city has yet fully to recover. There was a lot of double-domed analyzing and such yesterday, much of it aimed at explaining away the rioters' actions - or calling for additional "investment" in the neighborhoods where the violence began. 
       Funny thing, there wasn't much said about King - whose beating by four cops, after all, was the underlying cause of the riot. At the moment, he's doing a bit in a rehab center, following his latest arrest - a PCP- possession bust last September. Prior to that - and after the riot, of course - he'd been picked up for drunken driving, for assaulting his wife with a deadly weapon (his car), for beating his wife and for running over two cops who nabbed him for soliciting a transvestite hooker. 

       This is a dangerous guy. In 1991, the cops who encountered King - a parolee stopped while driving drunk at speeds in excess of 100 mph - figured that out pretty quick. They did what they had to do to subdue him. The rest is history. Not that it's being taught anywhere.